One for all, and all for one!

FOUR MUSKETEERS, THE, Frank Finlay, Michael York, Richard Chamberlain, Oliver Reed, 1974.

To view The Three Musketeers click here.

To view The Four Musketeers click here.

Director Richard Lester was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania but he made some of the best British films of the 1960s. Inspired by Buster Keaton and Jacques Tati, he developed an acute funny bone and an appreciation of the absurd that allowed him to work side-by-side with bastions of British comedy such as Spike Milligan and Peter Sellers. Lester’s sense of humor also appealed to The Beatles who personally selected the expat director to record the band’s exploits in A Hard Day’s Night (1964) and Help! (1965). This music-fueled double feature introduced the Fab Four to audiences around the world and revealed how quirky, lively and charismatic the band could be on and off the stage. In both films, Lester aptly spotlighted the mop-tops playful camaraderie as they challenged authority, outwitted ostensible villains and used teamwork to right perceived wrongs.

By presenting The Beatles as a group of countercultural champions, the director laid the groundwork for many of his future films which included reinterpreting legends (Robin and Marian [1976], Butch and Sundance: The Early Days [1979]) and superheroes (Superman II [1980], Superman III [1983]). But outside of The Beatles movies, the best example of Lester’s appreciation for comical heroes can be found in The Three Musketeers (1974) and its impromptu sequel, The Four Musketeers (1974) currently streaming on FilmStruck.

According to author Robert Sellers (What Fresh Lunacy Is This? – The Authorised Biography of Oliver Reed) the Musketeer movies were the brainchild of Alexander and Ilya Salkind, a father-and-son producing team who also worked closely with Lester on the Superman films. The Salkind’s originally wanted The Beatles to star in their tongue-in-cheek adaptation of Alexandre Dumas’s classic novel so they approached the director of A Hard Day’s Night and Help! in the hopes that he would support their vision. Lester had developed a close working relationship with the band, particularly John Lennon who had also appeared in the director’s 1967 film How I Won the War, but he had no interest in casting them as the Musketeers explaining, “The Beatles have such huge personalities, they are so well known that they will take away from the characters . . . If I’m going to do this I want to find great actors.” Instead of enlisting the Fab Four, Lester reportedly compiled a list of actors he wanted to work with and after some contentious back-and-forth bargaining between the producers and distributors, he acquired a stellar cast made-up of some of the decade’s most recognizable talents.

In both of the Musketeer films Michael York stars as the spirited and simple-minded d’Artagnan, a graceless young swordsman who hopes to join the Musketeers of the Guard comprised of Athos (Oliver Reed), Aramis (Richard Chamberlain) and Porthos (Frank Finley). When d’Artagnan arrives in Paris he’s unprepared for life in the city and has several clumsy encounters with the dastardly Comte de Rochefort (Christopher Lee) and his sinister co-conspirator, Milady de Winter (Faye Dunaway) as well as the Musketeers themselves. But after helping the Musketeers thwart an attack by the power-hungry Cardinal Richelieu (Charlton Heston), d’Artagnan teams up with the swashbuckling threesome in a series of adventures that earn him a place in their boisterous brotherhood, while winning the heart of the Queen’s dressmaker (Raquel Welch).

Three_Musketeers_1973_1

The actors are superb and there’s an incredible chemistry between all the players. York is extremely likable as the young hero of both films while Oliver Reed is in top form as the rough and rowdy Athos. Frank Finley’s droll Porthos is consistently funny and Richard Chamberlain charms as the foppish Aramis. We sympathize with the Musketeers and believe in their friendship, which allows us to cheer on their exploits and suffer their losses.

Charlton Heston, Christopher Lee and Faye Dunaway are also faultless as the film’s formidable villains, with Dunaway nearly stealing the show as the cunning femme fatale spinning a wide web of treachery and deceit. In stunning contrast, Raquel Welch is perfectly delightful as the lovely, ditzy and oh-so-likable Constance. Jean-Pierre Cassel and Geraldine Chaplin play the King and Queen of France and Simon Ward holds his own as the dashing Duke of Buckingham. Lester’s comedy cohort Spike Milligan also has a small but memorable role as Welch’s much older husband and Roy Kinnear is hilarious as Planchet, the Musketeers’ faithful servant. I also want to single-out the underrated Michael Gothard who makes a brief appearance as the pious, lusty and treacherous Felton. Much to Lester’s credit, he made a wise decision when he bypassed The Beatles and brought together this go for broke ensemble cast.

The Three Musketeers and The Four Musketeers were originally supposed to be one all-encompassing 3-4 hour epic but when the producers got ahold of Lester’s footage they decided to creatively split the material into two separate movies to make a bigger profit. Surprisingly it worked and both films were critically-acclaimed box office hits thanks to editor John Victor-Smith, who managed to give each film a distinct ambiance despite the fact that they were shot simultaneously.

The first Musketeers film is a lighthearted romp with a lot of laugh-out-loud moments while The Four Musketeers has a more solemn mood. There’s still plenty of laughs to be had but there’s a nostalgic element in the second film that’s atypical of Lester and our hero’s adventures take a sobering turn.

Both films demonstrate how skilled Lester was at directing large troops of headstrong actors with robust personalities. Despite the star power he was working with, nameless extras frequently interrupt scenes with their constant jabbering and slapstick-style antics. The pace is unrelenting so if you blink you might miss all the clowning around occurring in the background. To the director’s credit, the parade of visual gags and verbal puns are never forced or strained. They arise organically from the controlled chaos, which was one of Lester’s trademarks. As a result, the Musketeer films still feel dynamic and fresh even 45-years after their release.

THREE MUSKETEERS, Frank Finlay, Oliver Reed, Michael York, Richard Chamberlain, 1973, TM and Copyrig

The swashbuckling sequences are especially spectacular thanks to fight choreographer William Hobbs. Before he began working in film, Hobbs spent nine years honing his skills as a fight director with Laurence Olivier’s National Theatre Company. During that time, he developed a reputation as a skilled instructor who staged gritty and energetic combat scenes. Hobbs replaced the ballet-like movements and smooth moves typical of earlier buccaneer films starring Errol Flynn, Gene Kelly and Stewart Granger with a ferocity and bawdiness that allowed viewers to feel the weight and sting of the blades as they lashed out at adversaries. Together with Lester and cinematographer David Watkin, Hobbs instilled the Musketeers with a coarser sensibility that grounded the action in its period setting. The cast and crew’s commitment to the battles and brawls meant that some actors ended up with serious injuries.

In a 1976 interview with James Monaco for Movietone magazine, Lester explained, “The film had more than its share of casualties. Naturally, when you’re using live swords you expect trouble. Actors get tired and then they get cut up, sometimes rather nastily. Michael York, who has … I think the kindest way to put it would be ‘an extraordinary nose’ . . . often seemed to be leading with it, and the results were two or three rather bad cuts. Oliver Reed took a sword through the wrist—in one side, out the other—and was in hospital for several days. And then there were problems with the horses. We needed a very large horse for d’Artagnan and couldn’t find one in Spain, only in the North of England. After a long journey the horse arrived and had, shall we say, excuse the expression, his first taste of Spanish flies. He was wild, and every time Michael got on him he was thrown, and this was from a great height. This all builds tension. You feel the actors getting tired, you don’t know whether or not you’ve shot enough material and you wonder whether to try again, whether you’re taking an undue risk or whether to say it’s only a bloody film and call it off, not take the gamble.”

Unfortunately, when Lester reunited with some of the cast and crew for a third Musketeer‘s film in 1989 events took a terrible turn. Actor Roy Kinnear was fatally injured during a riding sequence after being thrown from his horse during filming. Kinnear (father of actor Rory Kinnear) was also Lester’s friend and he had appeared in eight of the director’s previous films so his loss was keenly felt by the cast and crew. In court proceedings following the accident, Lester was forced to defend himself against charges that he’d encouraged Kinnear to perform a riding stunt that he wasn’t prepared for. This tragic incident caused Lester to reassess his profession and after completing the Paul McCartney concert film Get Back (1991), the director decided to abandon filmmaking citing Kinnear’s unfortunate death as the chief reason for his retirement.

Despite the sad conclusion of Lester’s directing career, The Three Musketeers and The Four Musketeers remain two of the most entertaining swashbuckling adventures ever put on film and one of the reasons they work so well is the comic relief supplied by the late Roy Kinnear as well as the rest of the cast. Both movies are full of fantastic action sequences and plenty of laughs that continue to resonate with audiences of all ages.

Kimberly Lindbergs

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12 Responses One for all, and all for one!
Posted By Gamera2000 : September 21, 2017 12:32 am

I love both of these films and they remain, for me, the definitive English language Musketeer films.

I have a funny memory of these films when I first saw them at the theater with my parents on a double bill around 1975. The exhibitor made the unfortunate mistake of running THE FOUR MUSKETEERS before they ran THE THREE MUSKETEERS. So we saw the end of the story before we saw the beginning.

Posted By Doug : September 21, 2017 7:58 am

I had read the books, of course, as I read everything back then, but in 1974 I was busy being a teenager and I missed out on these movies. I don’t know why I haven’t caught up with them since, but I have yet to see them.

Posted By swac44 : September 21, 2017 9:34 am

Hard to imagine a movie that’s more perfectly cast than this. And as a huge Spike Milligan fan, I have to take his rare onscreen appearances where I can find them, even something in the less-than-stellar swashbuckler Yellowbeard, which manages to combine half of Monty Python and Cheech & Chong, and is still laugh-free for most of its running time.

Posted By mdr : September 21, 2017 10:02 am

Excellent review of these terrific films, thanks Kimberley! I completely agree that the acting (and particularly the supporting players) is what makes them great. One of the few remakes that is better than the original (1948 feature starring Gene Kelly as d’Artagnan). Didn’t know the sad story of Roy Kinnear, who helped to make the first two movies so fun.

Posted By Kimberly Lindbergs : September 21, 2017 12:14 pm

Thanks for all the comments! I love both these films but hadn’t seen them in years so I was really surprised by how well they had held up when I revisited them for this piece. You could rerelease them both into theaters and still draw an audience. The ensemble cast is just flat out amazing.

And Doug, I didn’t mention it in my post but I wanted to add that despite the comedy, the films are surprisingly loyal to Dumas’s book. In fact, they’re more loyal than most other adaptations I’ve seen.

Posted By Susan Doll : September 21, 2017 1:14 pm

I have seen the first one a few times, and I so pleased that it holds up so well. Been a while since I have seen the other, so I can’t comment on that one specifically.

But, what a cast of bona fide movie stars. A nice tribute to this cast and their director, Richard Lester.

Posted By Dick Siegel : September 21, 2017 1:38 pm

I have adored both Musketeers (3 &4 that is) since they were first released. They remain my all time fave swashbucklers9Errol Flynn notwithstanding). The time between the two installments release was grueling especially since I already knew every note of Legrand’s score. (Thanks soundtrack LP which was all we had back then).

A great write up and always a joy to see others love the ‘teers as much as we did back in the day. And do I have to say – yes, multiple viewings in theaters. It really paid off to be a movie usher.

“Ah musketeers….dueling in defiance of the Edicts.”

Posted By Jonathan R Barnett : September 21, 2017 2:14 pm

One of the depressing outcomes of Popular Culture phenomena and Brand Name movies is the eclipse of Richard Lester. Ironically he was one of the architects for this, albeit unintentionally. He collaborated with The Goons, anticipating Monty Python and Terry Gilliam. His work with the Beatles is obviously a forerunner for MTV. He adapted Robin Hood and Superman and even a version Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid. Yet for some reason he gets way too much heat over the inconstancies in SUPERMAN II and SUPERMAN III. For years, SUPERMAN II was considered the best of the bunch but one can see the seams and stitching under auspices of home video. SUPERMAN III for all its faults does have sublime moments of comedy seems to have been an influence on the various versions of “Smallville” , Super boy, and Robert Vaughn is more like Luther than Gene Hackman.

I don’t know all of the details of Roy Kinnear’s death. It is sad to see Lester blame himself the way he has. It was an equestrian accident. I’m not trying to justify it yet it could have happened to anyone. I’m probably alone in my admiration of THE RETURN OF THE MUSKETEERS. I was actually looking forwards to it, back then. The movie was supposed to be released in 1989, the summer of sequels and BATMAN. For that year, LICENCE TO KILL and MUSKETEERS signaled a transition of certain kinds of productions, certain traditions in movies, and certain aesthetics. BATMAN would give us more Comic Book driven cinema as opposed to Storybook and Literature driven movies. While the movie is flawed, it’s worth watching. I was really taken with Christopher Lee’s performance. He plays it as a once able man trapped in a Judas body.

Fans of Lester should seek out another movie of his called ROYAL FLASH. Written by George MacDonlad Fraser , it has the same spirit as his MUSKETEERS movies. I was much taken with it but I see nothing but bad reviews.

Posted By Renee Leask : September 21, 2017 5:40 pm

I fell in love with these movies as a teenager and have been very pleased to enjoy them as an adult. They truly are not overrated! Also, Mr. Barnett is very right about ROYAL FLASH — it’s hilarious.

Posted By Anne Billson : September 22, 2017 2:59 pm

Lovely write-up of two of my favourite films, Kimberly!

I am a big fan of Dumas’s novel, too, and can attest that the two movies together combine into one of the most faithful adaptations – though I’m also fond of the 1948 MGM version; Lana Turner is superb as Milady and Vincent Price, as Richelieu, caresses a blissed-out tabby cat. (Richelieu was a big cat lover in real life, apparently.)

But Lester nails the liveliness of the book, the comic asides and the spectacular blend of historical incident and colourful characters. The darkening tone of The Four Musketeers is pretty accurate to the book too – it starts off as a romp, but turns tragic.

Milady’s imprisonment and gradual seduction of her jailer, Felton, is an astonishing episode in both the book and the film – the co-opting of religious fervour to sociopathic ends is mind-boggling and rings horribly true. (I was obsessed with Milady de Winter as a child!)

My first glimpse of Michael Gothard was when in 1967, when he played Milady’s vengeful son in the BBC’s Further Adventures of the Musketeers (based on Dumas’s Twenty Years After), so I was quite tickled to see him making a return to Musketeer World in Lester’s film seven years later.

Incidentally, the Salkind decision to split the film into two parts came as a surprise to most of the cast and crew, and gave rise to something that came to be known in the industry as the Salkind Clause. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Three_Musketeers_(1973_film)#Salkind_Clause

Posted By Kimberly Lindbergs : September 22, 2017 3:15 pm

Thanks again for all the comments! I can tell by reading them how much you all love the movie and there’s a lot to love!

Anne – I have not seen the 1967 Further Adventures of the Musketeers so thanks for mentioning it! I love Gothard so I’m going to have to seek out the series.

Posted By Coolbev : September 23, 2017 11:23 am

I saw the first movie when it came out and felt like it completely changed the game for action and adventure movies. I saw the second one on TV about a dozen times. It seemed like the Four Musketeers was always playing but never the Three. Does anybody know why? My guess is that it was just a whole lot cheaper to broadcast.

I can’t join in on the Royal Flash recommendation. WIth everything it has going for it – story, director, cast, it is a clunker.

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